Back to Civilizations. They are led by Hojo Tokimuneunder whom their default colors are white and dark red. The Japanese civilization ability is Meiji Restorationwhich gives them bonuses for Districts that are built next to each other. Their unique unit is the Samuraiand their unique building is the Electronics Factory which replaces the Factory. Japan is the definition of a versatile civilization, as they are arguably the only one that has equal Victory preference across all fields.
With the arts of compact city building in hand, Japan is a truly formidable foe on any Victory track. All districts provide this adjacency bonus to other districts, but only some benefit from it.
With good city planning, this allows you to create massive districts clusters between nearby cities that feed each other adjacency bonuses. While other civilizations can be a little haphazard in their placement of districts, the Japanese civilization requires a very good knowledge of available districts and future planning. This makes Japan a better choice for experienced players as opposed to beginners.
As an added bonus, clustering districts make it easier to protect a lot of them at once with a single Spy.
Geography of Canada
This provides two different bonuses. This has great synergy with Meiji Restoration, at least for the latter two. Encampments are better built at the edge of your empire to fully benefit from the bombardment they provide. Other districts are generally better to build in a cluster between cities of your empire. The second part of Divine Wind is a significant combat bonus to all land units fighting on coastal tiles and all naval units fighting on coast tiles.
This bonus is the same number that America receives, but much harder to properly utilize. In the early game, it greatly helps against barbarians as well as any naval combat Japan might find themselves in.
Later, it's more of a situational buff. Divine Spark is another useful one, especially for those players who wish to take the Japanese civilization in a less aggressive direction. This building is not much of an improvement compared to the standard Factory.
Unlike, for example, the Tlachtli also a pretty underwhelming unique buildingthe Electronics Factory actually comes into play often, but not because it is so powerful and unique, but because the standard Factory and the Industrial Zone are so important that they are impossible to ignore. What sets it apart from its standard counterpart is totally negligible.
In vanilla and Rise and Fallit receives only 1 more Production. In Gathering Stormits base effect is even worse, as it is exactly the same as the Factory, only when Powered, it gains an extra 5 Production compared to the 3 Production of the Factory. This is the only case in the entire game where the bonuses of a unique building are all conditional, meaning you do not receive any "uniqueness" right after you finish the building.
Considering that Japan does not have any bonuses towards generating Science but some bonuses towards Culture they can build Theater Squares in half the timeand this bonus is bound to a technologynot a civicmeaning you will not have an easier time unlocking this to gain an edge over other empires.
Not to mention, the bonus is extra Culturesomething you most likely already have an abundance of or have no difficulty of generating in the first place, which makes this bonus sound so much worse than it already does. Just a fun fact, in Gathering StormEngland has their "regular" Factory even superior to this unique building, as it provides 3 Production like normal, but an additional whopping 7 Production when powered.
All in all, don't think too much of this building. You will still have to use it, since the Industrial Zone is an important district and the Factory is crucial when the Industrial Era comes, but you do not exactly have an edge over anybody else with their regular copies of the Factory.Research development jobs switzerland international airport
The Samurai has higher Combat Strength than any standard unit of the Medieval Era except the Knightover which it has the advantages of lower Production and resource costs, as well as continuing to fight at full power even when critically wounded. A force of Samurai can help the Japanese launch a midgame offensive, capturing cities to add to their empire and perhaps eliminating a troublesome opponent.
The Samurai, unlike the Knight, benefits from Oligarchy as well as being able to use the Siege Tower and Battering Ram support units, all of which make it easier for Samurai to capture cities.It is a group of many islands close to the east coast of KoreaChina and Russia. The biggest of these islands, Honshuhas the most people. Honshu is the 7th largest island in the world. Tokyo is the capital of Japan and its biggest city.
The Japanese people call their country "Nihon" or "Nippon",  which means "the origin of the Sun " in Japanese. Japan is a monarchy whose head of state is called the Emperor. They were closer related to Europeans or Arabs.
The earliest records on Japan are from Chinese documents. One of those records said there were many small countries in Japan which had wars between them and later a country, ruled by a queen, became the strongest, unified others, and brought peace. The Japanese began to write their own history after the 5th and 6th centurieswhen people from Korea and China taught Japan about the Chinese writing system.
Japan's neighbours also taught them Buddhism. For example, Japanese Buddhists used ideas such as Zen more than other Buddhists. Japan had some contact with the Europeans in the 16th century. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to visit Japan. Later, the Spanish and Dutch came to Japan to trade. Also, they brought Christianity. Japan's leaders welcomed them at first, but because Europeans had conquered many places in the world, the Japanese were scared they would conquer Japan too.
So the Japanese did not let the Europeans come into Japan anymore, except in a small area in Nagasaki city. Many Christians were killed. Only the Chinese, Korean and Dutch people were allowed to visit Japan, in the end, and they were under careful control of the Japanese government.Asian philosophy essay analysis essay
Japan was opened for visitors again in by Commodore Matthew Perrywhen the Americans wanted to use Japanese ports for American whale boats. Perry brought steamships with guns, which scared the Japanese into making an agreement with him.
This new contact with Europeans and Americans changed the Japanese culture. The Meiji Restoration of stopped some old ways and added many new ones. The Empire of Japan was created, and it became a very powerful nation and tried to invade the countries next to it.
It invaded and annexed Ryukyu Kingdom, Taiwanand Korea. InJapan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaiia water base of the United States, and destroyed or damaged many ships and airplanes. American and Japanese forces fought each other in the Pacific. Once airbases were established within range of the Japanese mainland, America began to win, and started dropping bombs on Japanese cities.
America was able to bomb most of the important cities and quickly brought Japan close to defeat.Teu article en france wikipedia
To make Japan surrender, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and NagasakikillingJapanese citizens.
Soon after this the Soviet Union began to fight against Japan, and the Japanese army in Manchuria lost. Japan surrendered and gave up all the places it took from other countries, accepting the Potsdam Proclamation. The United States occupied Japan and forced it to write a new constitutionin which it promised to never go to war again. Japan is a group of islands in the Western Pacificoff the coast of China.
The four biggest islands are HonshuHokkaidoShikokuand Kyushuand there are about 6, smaller islands there.Canada is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, Greenland a self-governing part of the Danish kingdom to the northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, 12 states of the United States to the south, and the Pacific Ocean and the U.
With its vast Arctic and subarctic territories, Canada is often considered a country only of the far north; however, the peninsula of southern Ontario juts deeply south into the heartland of the United States, and its southernmost point, Middle Island in Lake Erieis at the same latitude as northern California.
Canada occupies a strategic global location, lying on great circle routes the shortest line joining any two places on the globe between the United States and Europe and, to a lesser degree, Asia. As a result, many international commercial flights track across Canada. The combination of physical geography and discontinuous settlement has led to a strong sense of regionalism in Canada, and popular regional terms often overlap.
The Atlantic Provinces include all of the Appalachian region except the Quebec portion. If the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is excluded, the three remaining east-coast provinces are called the Maritime Provinces or the Maritimes. Quebec and Ontario are usually referred to separately but sometimes together, as Central Canada. The West usually means all four provinces west of Ontario, but British Columbia may be referred to alone and the other three collectively as the Prairie Provinces or the Prairies.
Yukonthe Northwest Territoriesand Nunavut are referred to as the North. Canada Article Media Additional Info. Article Contents. Load Previous Page. Load Next Page.Canada has a vast geography that occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the U.
Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. By land area alone, however, Canada ranks fourththe difference being due to it having the world's largest proportion of fresh water lakes. Canada is home to the world's northernmost settlement, Canadian Forces Station Alerton the northern tip of Ellesmere Island —latitude Canada is divided into 15 ecozonesforming the country's first level of ecological land classification.
These ecozones can be further subdivided into 53 ecoprovincesecoregionsand 1, ecodistricts.Assignment ms teams wikipedia series
Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes, notably the Mount Meager massifMount Garibaldithe Mount Cayley massifand the Mount Edziza volcanic complex.
Canada has a diverse climate. The climate varies from temperate on the west coast of British Columbia  to a subarctic climate in the north. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountainsand the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. Lawrence River in the southeast where lowlands host much of Canada's population.
The Appalachian mountains more specifically the Chic-Choc MountainsNotre Dameand Long Range Mountains are an old and eroded range of mountains, approximately million years in age. Lawrence basin often called St. Lawrence Lowlandsis another particularly rich sedimentary plain. Lawrence lowland forests. While the relief of these lowlands is particularly flat and regular, a group of batholites known as the Monteregian Hills are spread along a mostly regular line across the area.
These hills are known for a great richness in precious minerals. The northeastern part of Alberta, northern parts of SaskatchewanManitoba, Ontario, and Quebec, all of Labrador and the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundlandeastern mainland Northwest Territoriesmost of Nunavut 's mainland and, of its Arctic ArchipelagoBaffin Island and significant bands through Somerset, Southampton, Devon and Ellesmere islands are located on a vast rock base known as the Canadian Shield.
The shield also encloses an area of wetlandsthe Hudson Bay lowlands. Some particular regions of the Shield are referred to as mountain rangesincluding the Torngat and Laurentian Mountains. The Shield cannot support intensive agriculture, although there is subsistence agriculture and small dairy farms in many of the river valleys and around the abundant lakes, particularly in the southern regions.
Boreal forest covers much of the shield, with a mix of conifers that provide valuable timber resources in areas such as the Central Canadian Shield forests ecoregion that covers much of Northern Ontario. The region is known for its extensive mineral reserves. The Canadian Shield is known for its vast minerals, such as emeralds, diamonds and copper.
Geography of Japan
The Canadian shield is also called the mineral house. The Canadian Prairies are part of a vast sedimentary plain covering much of Albertasouthern Saskatchewan, and southwestern Manitoba, as well as much of the region between the Rocky Mountains and the Great Slave and Great Bear lakes in Northwest Territories.history of the entire world, i guess
The plains generally describes the expanses of largely flat arable agricultural land which sustain extensive grain farming operations in the southern part of the provinces.
Despite this, some areas such as the Cypress Hills and the Alberta Badlands are quite hilly and the prairie provinces contain large areas of forest such as the Mid-Continental Canadian forests. The Canadian Cordilleracontiguous with the American cordillerais bounded by the Rocky Mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Canadian Rockies are part of a major continental divide that extends north and south through western North America and western South America. The Columbia and the Fraser Rivers have their headwaters in the Canadian Rockies and are the second and third largest rivers respectively to drain to the west coast of North America. To the west of their headwaters, across the Rocky Mountain Trenchis a second belt of mountains, the Columbia Mountainscomprising the SelkirkPurcellMonashee and Cariboo Mountains sub-ranges.It is the 6th most populous country in Asia excluding Russiawith a population of over million people.
Yet, the population of Japan has been slowly decreasing over the years, because of the low birth rate and aging population. Tokyo is the captial of Japan. It is located north of Yokohama, and west of Mnt. The city is located on the largest island of Japan, Honshu, and is the most populous city in Japan, and sometimes referred to as the most populous metropolitan area in the world. Yokohama is located south of Tokyo, and west of Mnt. Yokohama also lies on the western coast of japan.
Nagoya is a city that is far away from most other cities. It is east to Mnt. Fuji, Tokyo, and Yokohama, and west from Kobe and Osaka.
It also lies on the western coast of Japan. Osaka was once ruled by a five year old by who was later defeated in the Castle of Osaka by a Daimyou Army led by Shogun Tokugawa. Osaka lies very close to Kobe, which is at east to Osaka. It is north to the western coast of Japan, and east to Nagoya.
Hiroshima lies west from Kitakyusnu and East from Osaka and Kobe. Hiroshima is in the southern part of Japan. Kitakyusnu is very close to the city of Fukuoka, which lies east of Kitakyusnu. Kitakakyusnu is located on the island of Kyushu. West of Kitakyusnu is Hiroshima.
Mount Fuji is a mountain between Nagoya and Tokyo with its southern neighbor, Yokohama. Fuji is located on the middle of the island of Honshu. Shikoku lies souther of the island of Honshu, and west from the island of Kyushu. Shikoku is the only island in Japan that has no cities in it. Kyushu is Japan's 3rd biggest island.
It is located east from the island of Shikoku, and south from the island of Honshu.
Kyushu consists of 2 cities. Hokkaido is Japan's second biggest island, and the island that has the least amount of cities in Japan, if you don't include the island of Shikoku. The only city in the island of Hokkaido is Sapporo. Masashi Kishimoto is a mangaka, and has created the manga of Naruto.Japan is the eleventh-most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions.
The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than Japan has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic period 30, BCthough the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. After a century-long period of civil warthe country was reunified in under the Tokugawa shogunatewhich enacted an isolationist foreign policy. Ina United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the Westwhich led to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in In the Meiji periodthe Empire of Japan adopted a Western-styled constitution and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization.
After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombingsJapan surrendered in and came under a seven-year Allied occupationduring which it adopted a new constitution. SinceJapan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a bicameral legislature, the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations sincethe OECDand the Group of Seven.
Although it has renounced its right to declare warthe country maintains Self-Defense Forces that are ranked as the world's fourth-most powerful military. After World War II, Japan experienced high economic growthbecoming the second-largest economy in the world by before being surpassed by China in A leader in the automotive and electronics industriesJapan has made significant contributions to science and technology.
Ranked the second-highest country on the Human Development Index in Asia after SingaporeJapan has the world's second-highest life expectancythough it is experiencing a decline in population. Culture of Japan is well-known around the world, including its artcuisinemusicand popular culturewhich encompasses prominent animation and video game industries. The name Japan is based on the Chinese pronunciation and was introduced to European languages through early trade.
Buddhism was introduced to Japan from Baekje a Korean kingdom inbut the subsequent development of Japanese Buddhism was primarily influenced by China. The far-reaching Taika Reforms in nationalized all land in Japan, to be distributed equally among cultivators, and ordered the compilation of a household registry as the basis for a new system of taxation.
The period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent literary culture with the completion of the Kojiki and Nihon Shokias well as the development of Buddhist-inspired artwork and architecture. Murasaki Shikibu 's The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan's national anthem " Kimigayo " were written during this time.
Japan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai. During the 16th century, Portuguese traders and Jesuit missionaries reached Japan for the first time, initiating direct commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West. Tokugawa Ieyasu served as regent for Hideyoshi's son Toyotomi Hideyori and used his position to gain political and military support. InJapan invaded and occupied Manchuria ; following international condemnation of the occupationit resigned from the League of Nations two years later.
InJapan adopted a new constitution emphasizing liberal democratic practices. Japan comprises islands extending along the Pacific coast of Asia.Assignment earth wikipedia book of love
Together they are often known as the Japanese archipelago. About 73 percent of Japan is forested, mountainous and unsuitable for agriculturalindustrial or residential use.
Japan is substantially prone to earthquakes, tsunami and volcanoes because of its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire. The climate of Japan is predominantly temperate but varies greatly from north to south.
The northernmost region, Hokkaido, has a humid continental climate with long, cold winters and very warm to cool summers.It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario.
In Junethe City of Ottawa estimated it had surpassed a population of one million. Founded in as Bytownand incorporated as Ottawa inthe city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in which significantly increased its land area.
The city name Ottawa was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of which is derived from the Algonquin Odawameaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities  and is home to a number of post-secondary, research, and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centrethe National Galleryand numerous national museums.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. The Ottawa river valley has archeological sites with arrow headspotteryand stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years. The first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe 'to trade', used in reference to the area's importance to First Nations tradersto name the river.
Philemon Wrighta New Englandercreated the first European settlement in the area on 7 March on the north side of the river, across from the present-day city of Ottawa in Hull. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade soon to be the area's most significant economic activity by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City.
The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontariobypassing a particularly vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario easily exposed to enemy fire during the War of He also laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and " Lower Town " east of the canal.
On New Year's EveQueen Victoriaas a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation, it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway.
By it also had a modern all-season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers, lumber and supplies the kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa was the only settlement of any substantial size that was already directly on the border of French populated former Lower Canada and English populated former Upper Canada thus additionally making the selection an important political compromise.
Starting in the s, entrepreneurs known as lumber barons began to build large sawmills, which became some of the largest mills in the world. The Library of Parliament and Parliament Hill landscaping would not be completed until The Hull—Ottawa fire of destroyed two-thirds of Hull, including 40 percent of its residential buildings and most of its largest employers along the waterfront.
It was redeveloped as a ceremonial centre in as part of the City Beautiful Movement and became the site of the National War Memorial in and designated a National Historic Site in Ottawa's former industrial appearance was vastly altered by the Greber Plan.
Prime Minister Mackenzie King hired French architect-planner Jacques Greber to design an urban plan for managing development in the National Capital Region, to make it more esthetically pleasing and more befitting a location for Canada's political centre.
This new location was close to Ottawa's first — and second — City Halls. This new city hall complex also contained an adjacent 19th century restored heritage building formerly known as the Ottawa Normal School. From the s until the s, the National Capital Region experienced a building boom,  which was followed by large growth in the high-tech industry during the s and s. By the s, Bell Northern Research later Nortel employed thousands, and large federally assisted research facilities such as the National Research Council contributed to an eventual technology boom.
The early adopters led to offshoot companies such as Newbridge NetworksMitel and Corel. Ottawa's city limits had been increasing over the years, but it acquired the most territory on 1 Januarywhen it amalgamated all the municipalities of the Regional Municipality of Ottawa—Carleton into one single city.
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